Seven Math Skills Your Child Will Learn in 3rd Grade
Third grade is a big year for learning math! Kids learn about multiplication and division, dive into fractions, and even start calculating areas and perimeters. Learn how to support your child by exploring what will be happening in third grade math.
In third grade, your child will learn:
1. Multiplication and division within 100
Now that your child has mastered addition and subtraction, it’s time to move onto multiplication and division. Third graders will begin by using pictures and objects to explore each operation before they move on to solve more abstract multiplication and division problems.
2. Understand the relationship between multiplication and division
Just like addition and subtraction are inverse operations (one is the opposite of the other) third graders learn how multiplication and division are connected in the same way.
3. Word problems involving four operations
Now that third graders understand addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, they are ready to use all four operations to solve word problems. Students will learn to read problems and decide which operation they should use. They will also work on solving two-step problems independently.
4. Fractions on a number line
Kids will already have had a basic introduction to fractions, but in third grade they develop this understanding even further. Students learn how to show fractions on a number line and compare different fractions.
5. Time to the minute
In previous grades, your child learned how to tell time to the nearest five minutes. Third graders are ready to master the clock and will learn to tell time to the minute.
6. Scaled Bar and Picture Graphs
In third grade students learn how to create scaled picture and bar graphs. This means that instead of having one picture or square represent one response, they can represent multiple responses. Your third grader will have to use addition and/or multiplication when reading the graphs.
7. Understand area and perimeter
In third grade, kids learn about the concepts of area and perimeter. They use their knowledge of multiplication to solve area problems by calculating length x width. Kids will also use addition to figure out the perimeter of different shapes.
Third grade math is full of more complex and interesting topics. Get ready for a fun ride as you dive into learning with your child!
Written by Lily Jones, Lily loves all things learning. She has been a kindergarten & first grade teacher, instructional coach, curriculum developer, and teacher trainer. She loves to look at the world with curiosity and inspire people of all ages to love learning. She lives in California with her husband, two kids, and a little dog.
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