Six Math Skills Your Child Will Learn in 5th Grade
In fifth grade math, your child will extend understanding of decimals and fractions, as well as exploring numerical expressions, volume, and graphs. That’s a lot to cover! Help your child succeed in fifth grade math by learning more about what he’ll be doing.
Over the year, your child will:
1. Solve numerical expressions
Your child has had lots of experience solving problems using the four operations. Now your child will develop this understanding even further by learning how to use parentheses in numerical expressions and evaluate expressions with them. Your child will learn about order of operations and will solve the parts of expressions in parentheses first.
2. Work with decimals
In fifth grade, students learn to read, write, and compare decimals to thousandths. They also practice adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing decimals to the hundredths, which can be tricky!
3. Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators
In fourth grade, students learned to compare fractions with unlike numerators or denominators. Now they will extend this understanding by learning how to add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators by finding common denominators.
4. Multiply and divide fractions
The fraction work doesn’t stop with addition and subtraction! Fifth graders are ready to multiply fractions by whole numbers or fractions. They will also divide unit fractions (fractions where the numerator is 1) by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions.
5. Measure volume
Fourth graders have had practice measuring lengths and weights. But they will be introduced to a new type of measurement this year: volume. Students will learn to measure volumes by counting unit cubes, using cubic cm, cubic in, and cubic ft. They will learn the formula for computing the volume of cubes and rectangular prisms (volume = length x width x height)
6. Graph points on the coordinate plane
In fifth grade, students will learn how a coordinate system has an x-axis and y-axis and how points can be given by their coordinates (x,y).
Throughout your child’s fifth grade experience, find opportunities to check in and hear what he is learning. Fifth grade math can get complex, so take it as an opportunity to brush up on your skills too!
Found this useful? Check out our grade by grade math guides from Kindergarten to 5th grade
Written by Lily Jones, Lily loves all things learning. She has been a kindergarten & first grade teacher, instructional coach, curriculum developer, and teacher trainer. She loves to look at the world with curiosity and inspire people of all ages to love learning. She lives in California with her husband, two kids, and a little dog.
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