Seven maths skills your child will learn in Year 3
Mathematics in Year 3 has more of a times-tables focus. Quick recall of the required 3, 4 and 8 times-tables (as well as the 2, 5 and 10 times-tables they’ve already learned in year 1 and 2) is important as they form the foundation for a large majority of the work the children will cover this year.
You will probably notice your child beginning to use column addition and subtraction of three-digit numbers, as well as learning about multiplication and division and using their times-tables knowledge. They will also cover fractions of quantities, equivalent fractions, angles, parallel and perpendicular lines, perimeter and shape.
1. Place value and adding/subtracting with 3 digits
As kids learn to count within 1,000, they’ll be looking at three-digit numbers more closely and identifying place value. Children will also start to do addition and subtraction up to 3 digits using the column method.
2. Know the 3, 4 and 8 times tables.
In Year 2 children were introduced to the 2, 5 and 10 times tables and ideally they should be able to recall them all quite quickly. They will also learn the associated division facts for these times tables.
3. Multiply a 2 digit number by a 1 digit number
Children would have been introduced to multiplying with arrays in Key Stage 1 so this will be expanded to simple multiplication.
4. Fractions of quantities and equivalent fractions
By now kids should be quite familiar with fractions and they will start to find a fraction of a given amount. They will also be able to recognise which fractions are equal to each other eg; 1/2 = 2/4 . They will also be introduced to simple addition and subtraction of fractions.
5. Finding the length of perimeters
Your child will be familiar with measuring lengths from Year 2 so now they will be asked to measure and use addition to find the perimeter of simple 2D shapes.
6. 12 and 24 hour clock
In previous years, your child learned how to tell time to the nearest five minutes. In Year 3 they are ready to master the clock and will learn to tell time to the minute. They will also be able to recognise the difference between the 12 and 24 hour clock.
7. Angles and lines
In Year 3, children will need to recognise right angles and to know that two right angles make a half turn, three make three-quarters of turn and four a complete turn. They need to identify whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle. They will also be introduced to different types of lines including horizontal, vertical, parallel and perpendicular.
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